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World Pneumonia Day: How Has COVID-19 Affected Pneumonia and ARDS?

Pneumonia is the world’s leading infectious killer of adults and children, claiming the lives of 2.5 million people in 2019, including 672,000 children under five. COVID-19 has added over 3.6 million deaths to the total respiratory infection deaths in 2021, bringing the total number of respiratory infection deaths to more than 6 million.

For a long time, pneumonia has been the leading infectious cause of death worldwide. According to the Global Burden of Disease (GBD), before the pandemic, an estimated 2.5 million adults and children died from pneumonia every year- far more than HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, and malaria.

Millions more adults and children will die from pneumonia over the next decade unless we reduce pneumonia deaths and the risk of future respiratory infection pandemics. Let’s learn more about pneumonia and how it affects our health on this World Pneumonia Day.

World Pneumonia Day

World Pneumonia Day is observed each year on the 12th of November to raise awareness about the global toll of Pneumonia. The Stop Pneumonia Initiative established World Pneumonia Day in 2009 to stress Pneumonia is the leading killer of children and to advocate for global action to protect against, help prevent, and effectively treat this deadly illness.

Did you know these Pneumonia Facts?

  • Pneumonia is a contagious disease that spreads through coughing and sneezing and bodily fluids such as blood during childbirth. The infectious agent could be Bacteria, Viruses, or Fungi.
  • It is estimated that air pollution and smoking cause 16 lakh pneumonia deaths among adults over 50.
  • According to the WHO, 14 lakh children under five, die yearly from pneumonia, accounting for 18% of all child deaths under five worldwide.

The following are the two most common types of Pneumonia:

  • Streptococcus Pneumoniae is the most common cause of bacterial Pneumonia in children
  • Hemophilus influenzae type b is the second most common cause of bacterial Pneumonia (Hib).

Pneumonia and Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS)

COVID-19 pneumonia typically spreads to both lungs. Fluid fills the lungs’ air sacs, limiting their ability to absorb oxygen and causing shortness of breath, coughing, and other symptoms.

While most people recover from pneumonia without long-term lung damage, COVID-19 pneumonia can be life-threatening. Even after one has recovered from the disease, lung injury can cause breathing problems that can last for months.

Pneumonia Recovery with Gigadocs

It may take some time to recover from pneumonia. Most people feel tired for about a month, while others may need a month or more for their recovery. While after a week, some people feel better and can resume their normal routines.

Do not postpone your recovery from Pneumonia especially after the Covid Pandemic! Gigadocs believes that adequate rest is essential for maintaining progress toward full recovery and avoiding relapse. Use the Gigadocs app with specialist doctors to schedule your consultation and future treatment.

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